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Wednesday, 18 December 2013 00:00

Prostate Cancer Screening & Prevention

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a grwoth of abnormal cells in the prostate gland. The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland in the male reproductive tract that makes seminal fluid, which mixes with sperm and other fluids. This gland surrounds the urethra, near its connection to the bladder. The uretrhra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder, through the penis, to outside the body. Cancer develops when cells mutate and begin to multiply out of control. These cells may spread (metastasize) from the prostate to other parts of the body, especially bones and lymph nodes. In the past 20 yaers, the survival rate for all stages of prostate cancer has improved because of early detection and treatment.

A higher risk of developing prostate cancer may be related to age (especially older than 65), race (African American), and family history (father, brother).

What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

Early prostate cancer may not cause symptoms. Some men, however, may have pain, difficulty urinating, and rarely problems with erections (erectile dysfunction).

Other symptoms include a weak or interrupted flow of urine, need to urinate often (especially at night), difficulty holding back urine, inability to urinate, pain or burning when urinating, blood in the urine or semen, and nagging pain in the back, hips or pelvis.

It is important to realize that these symptoms may have other less serious causes, such as benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) or infection. Always see your doctor for diagnosis.

What are the Complications of Prostate Cancer?

Many prostate cancers don't cause death, but some can spread outside the prostate gland and metastasize through the blood and lymph nodes to bones and major organs. This is known as extracapsular spread.

DOs and DON'Ts in Preventing Prostate Cancer:

  • DO have a yearly DRE as recommended by your doctor.
  • DO have a yearly PSA test as recommended by your doctor.
  • DON'T ignore possible symptoms of prostate cancer such as pain or difficulty urinating.
  • DON'T smoke.

For more information, see the attachments below.

Read 1648 times Last modified on Saturday, 21 December 2013 17:53

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